It is difficult to determine the emergence and beginning of civil engineering. Men used caves as shelter to protect themselves from weather and harsh environment and used a tree trunk to cross the river, which is a demonstration of ancient age civil engineering. The earliest practices of Civil Engg may have started between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, this caused a need for the construction of the shelter.
Because civil engineering is a wide ranging profession, including several separate specialized sub-disciplines, its history is linked to knowledge of structures, material science, geography, geology, soil, hydrology, environment, mechanics and other fields. Some of the ancient marvels are the Great Pyramids at Giza, Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Colosseum, Harappa Mohenjo Daro.
Machu Picchu, Peru, built at around 1450, at the height is considered an engineering marvel. It was built in the Andes Mountains assisted by some of history’s most genius water resource engineers. The people built a mountaintop city with running water, drainage systems, food production and stone structures which were more advanced than the system which came 500 years after.
From then on civil engineers never looked back, they went on discovering new building materials like mineral stones (slates, shale etc.), timber, adhesive materials.Meanwhile, other sectors also got developed, which led to the development of new materials and construction techniques. This way civil engineering changed its face from caves made of boulders to mega-projects such as dams, tall skyscrapers, canals and many engineering marvels.
Today, the situation has changed, a career in civil engineering is highly rewarding. This involves construction, design and analysis of private as well as public projects such as dams, highways, canals, water sewage and bridges.
An infinite scope: There is a huge scope of civil engineering graduates throughout the world, lucrative opportunities can be expected in construction, energy, and power sector. In fact, this branch of engineering has lesser unemployment rate than other branches and offers maximum scope which includes
Designing: Having a good academic record and knowledge of civil engineering software such as AUTOCAD, STAAD PRO, ETABS, REVIT, ArcGIS etc. makes you more employable.
Construction: This includes planning, managing and constructing the infrastructures such as bridges, highways, airports, railroads etc. It is considered a challenging job and includes execution of mega projects at different levels.
Planning: If you possess excellent planning skills, choosing a career in planning or project management is a good option. Planning engineers find huge demand in construction companies.
Ultimately we need to realise that opportunities are ample, it is for us to exploit our assets.